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This study explores student discipline disparities by race (black/white) and family income. First, we decompose gaps across districts, across schools in the same district, and within schools. Second, we assess disparities using regression models. Third, we examine punishments for fights between black and white or poor and non-poor students. We find that black and poor students are disciplined more often and harshly than their peers, with disparities arising across districts, across schools, and within schools. Moreover, black and poor students tend to receive slightly longer suspensions after getting into fights with white and non-poor peers, suggesting at least some degree of discriminatory punishment.