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Using a Factorial Design to Maximize the Effectiveness of a Parental Text Messaging Intervention

Parental text messaging interventions are growing in popularity to encourage at-home reading, school-attendance, and other educational behaviors. These interventions, which often combine multiple components, frequently demonstrate varying amounts of effectiveness, and researchers often cannot determine how individual components work alone or in combination with one another. Using a 2x2x3 factorial experiment, we investigate the effects of individual and interacted components from three behavioral levers to support summer reading: providing updated, personalized information; emphasizing different reading views; and goal setting. We find that the personalized information condition scored on average 0.03 SD higher on fall reading assessments. Texting effects on test scores were enhanced by messages that emphasized reading being useful for both entertainment and building skills compared to skill building alone or entertainment alone. These results continue to build our understanding that while text message can be an effective tool for parent engagement, the specific content of the message can lead to meaningful differences in the magnitude of the effects.

factorial design, literacy, parental text messaging, experimental design
Education level
Document Object Identifier (DOI)

EdWorkingPaper suggested citation:

Asher, Catherine Armstrong, Ethan Scherer, and James S. Kim. (). Using a Factorial Design to Maximize the Effectiveness of a Parental Text Messaging Intervention. (EdWorkingPaper: 20-305). Retrieved from Annenberg Institute at Brown University:

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