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The Stickiness of Pandemic-Driven Disenrollment from Public Schools

The extent to which pandemic-induced public school enrollment declines will persist is unclear. Student-level data from Michigan through fall 2021 yields three relevant findings. First, relative to pre-pandemic trends, fall 2021 enrollment had partially recovered for low-income, Black, and Hispanic students, but had declined further for non-low-income, White, and Asian students. Second, annual public school exit rates remained elevated for elementary students and accelerated further for middle school students. Third, public school exit is sticky and varies by chosen alternative. Only 21 percent of those who left for private schools in fall 2020 had returned by fall 2021, while 50 percent of those who left for homeschooling had returned. These findings suggest that pandemic-driven public school enrollment declines may persist, and more so among higher income families.

School enrollment; Covid-19; Education policy
Education level
Document Object Identifier (DOI)

EdWorkingPaper suggested citation:

Bacher-Hicks, Andrew, Tareena Musaddiq, Joshua Goodman, and Kevin Stange. (). The Stickiness of Pandemic-Driven Disenrollment from Public Schools. (EdWorkingPaper: 23-820). Retrieved from Annenberg Institute at Brown University:

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