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Access to Ethnic Studies in California Public Schools

We examine access to high school Ethnic Studies in California, a new graduation requirement beginning in 2029-30. Data from the California Department of Education and the University of California Office of the President indicate that roughly 50 percent of public high school students in 2020-21 attend a school that offers Ethnic Studies or a related course, but as of 2018-19, only 0.2 percent of students were enrolled in such a course. Achieving parity with economics, a current graduation requirement, requires more than doubling the number of Ethnic Studies teachers relative to 2018-19. We also examine school and community factors that predict offering Ethnic Studies and provide descriptive information about the Ethnic Studies teaching force across the state.

Ethnic Studies, high school
Education level
Document Object Identifier (DOI)

EdWorkingPaper suggested citation:

Penner, Emily K., and Dan Ma. (). Access to Ethnic Studies in California Public Schools. (EdWorkingPaper: 23-886). Retrieved from Annenberg Institute at Brown University:

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