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Cream Skimming and Pushout of Students Participating in a Statewide Private School Voucher Program

A pervasive issue in the school choice literature is whether schools of choice cream-skim students by enrolling high-achieving, less challenging, or less costly students. Similarly, schools of choice may “pushout” low-achieving, more challenging, or more costly students. Using longitudinal student-level data from Indiana, we created multiple measures to examine whether there is evidence consistent with the claims of voucher-participating private schools cream skimming the best students from public schools or pushing out voucher-receiving students. We do not find evidence consistent the claim of cream skimming. However, we find evidence consistent with the claim of private schools pushing out the lowest achieving voucher students.

Keywords
School vouchers, school choice, selective enrollment, cream skimming, pushout
Education level
Document Object Identifier (DOI)
10.26300/v83c-4v03

EdWorkingPaper suggested citation:

Waddington, Joseph, Ron Zimmer, and Mark Berends. (). Cream Skimming and Pushout of Students Participating in a Statewide Private School Voucher Program. (EdWorkingPaper: 22-635). Retrieved from Annenberg Institute at Brown University: https://doi.org/10.26300/v83c-4v03

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