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Label to Help: The Effects of Special Education on Student Outcomes

This study examines the impact of special education on academic and behavioral outcomes for students with learning disabilities (LD) by using statewide Indiana data covering kindergarten through eighth grade. The results from student fixed effects models show that special education services improve achievement in math and English Language Arts, but they also increase suspensions and absences for students with LD. These effects vary across student subgroups, including gender, race/ethnicity, eligibility for free or reduced-price lunch, and English language learner status. The findings reveal both the significant benefits and unintended consequences of special education services for students with LD, highlighting the complex dynamics and varying effects of special education.

special education, students with disabilities, attendance, school discipline, student achievement
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EdWorkingPaper suggested citation:

Hwang, NaYoung. (). Label to Help: The Effects of Special Education on Student Outcomes. (EdWorkingPaper: 24-939). Retrieved from Annenberg Institute at Brown University:

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